History of Mountain Bike

Posted on Posted in BMX Races, MTB Races, Races, Road Races

Mountain Bike: Bicycle with wheels thicker than a normal one, that allows a greater grip to the ground, and that is specially designed for uneven terrain unpaved.

History

The origin of the mountain bike or mountain bike goes back to the beginning of the third decade of the 20th century. By that time there were already many boring cyclists competing on the road and they missed the possibility of running on wilder terrain in the wild. Thus was born a new discipline in which the cyclist did not run just to be the fastest on the asphalt, but also fought against the natural environment.
It was in 1933 when Ignaz Schwinn built a very solid bicycle in the United States with a raised handlebar and wider tires weighing 22 kg, which became a reference for cross country and forest trails.

 

Evolution

The first prototype mountain bike as we know it was built by James Finley Scott, a student at a Californian college in 1953.

First Race

The first race with bikes of this type was held in the vicinity of San Francisco, organized by a cyclist named Charles Kelly, in the early seventies. The members of the club Mount Tamalpais Velo of that city carried their bicycles to the top of the mount to descend from there in them traversing the forest roads. In 1983 the NORBA (National Off Road Bicycle Association) was created in the United States, while the first national championships were celebrated.

Official recognition as a sport and Olympic inclusion

It is integrated at official level in the International Federation of Amateur Cycling. In 1990 this discipline was recognized by the UCI, and that same year it was disputed in Purgatory, Colorado, the first World Championship with great influx of spectators.
It forms part of the Olympic calendar since the Games of Atlanta 1996 in its modality of cross country so much in masculine category as feminine.

Rules

The men dispute a race whose distance ranges between 40 and 50 kilometers, while the women travel between 30 and 40 km. The number of laps is optimized so that in the male category the winner invests about 2 hours 15 minutes, and in the female about 2 hours, with an interval of 15 minutes or so. The final decision on the distance of the race is taken the night before the competition to take into account the weather conditions. This decision can be modified on the same day of the test in the event of extreme weather changes.

The race

All cyclists start the race at the same time after firing the starting gun. Initially a lap of 1.8 kilometers is given to start the race itself. The first rider who crosses the finish line after completing all the laps is declared the winner.

Penalties

An important difference with the other disciplines of Cycling is that in this the runners can not receive any kind of help, they must bring their own kit to make a repair if necessary. Any external help, including that of other brokers, results in disqualification. Pushing or grabbing other competitors results in the loss of places in the classification, in a number determined by the race judges, who will assess the nature of the problem and how it affected the final classification. Obstructing another competitor in the final Sprint may also lead to disqualification. Based on the safety of cyclists if they can change their glasses and receive food and drink in the pre-established areas of the route.

The Bike

The mountain bike is similar to the road and track but with a more robust frame to withstand more difficult conditions in the layout. They are equipped with a fork-type front suspension such as that of Motorcycles, and may have shock absorbers in the rear. Its handlebars are straight, the powerful brakes, have at least a change with 24 gears, and a few wheels. The use of windshields or any other contraption that decreases air resistance, or that increases the speed artificially, is prohibited.

Other rules
  • The use of helmet is mandatory.
  • It is necessary to allow the passing of another rider that goes faster without obstructing the passage.
  • A doubling runner is eliminated from the competition
  • Only obstacles that have been planned and / or notified to runners may be on the layout.
  • Un corredor puede interponer una protesta si considera que ha sido perjudicado en algún momento durante la carrera. Dispone de un periodo de diez minutos tras acabar la carrera para presentarla por escrito.
  • En el recorrido hay señales con flechas u otros símbolos para marcar a los corredores la dirección a seguir, si hay zonas de riesgo delante, y como son de peligrosas.

 

Race of Curacao MTB Senderos

 

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